5th Grade Mathematics

5th Grade Math Curriculum
Unit Learning Targets Vocabulary
Expresions, Equations & Volume • Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Finds volume of rectangular prisms
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
area
area model of multiplication
array
associative property of multiplication
base
commutative property of multiplication
composite number
dimension
divide
dividend
divisor
equation
estimate
expression
factor
half
multiple
multiply
open array
parentheses
prime number
product
quotient
ratio table
rectangular prism
remainder
sum or total
surface area
volume
Adding & Subtracting Fractions • Add/Subtract Fractions with unlike denominators including mixed numbers
• Creates equivalent fractions from unlike denominators
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
common denominator
decimal
denominator
equivalent fraction
equivalent fractions
expression
factor
fraction
hundredth
improper fraction
lowest terms
mixed number
multiple
numerator
product
ratio table
ratio
tenth
unit fraction
Place Value & Decmals • Read, write, compare decimals to thousandths
• Add/Subtract/Round decimals to hundredths
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
algorithm
area model of
multiplication
base ten numeral
(standard form)
centimeter (cm)
decimal
difference
dimension
divide
dividend
divisor
estimate
expanded form
exponent
expression
fraction
gram (g)
hundredth
kilogram (kg)
kilometer (km)
liter (l)
meter (m)
metric system
milligram (mg)
milliliter (ml)
millimeter (mm)
multiply
pattern
quotient
rounding
sum or total
ten-thousandth
tenth
thousandth
Multiplying & Dividing Whole Numbers & Decimals • Multiply multi-digit numbers using standard algorithm
• Divide multi-digit numbers by two-digit divisors
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
area
array
dimension
divide
dividend
divisor
equation
estimate
expression
factor
half
multiply
product
quotient
ratio
table
sum or total
Multiplying & Dividing Fractions • Multiplies fractions by whole numbers and fractions by fractions
• Divides whole numbers by fractions and fractions by whole numbers
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
acute angle
acute triangle
array
associative property of multiplication
commutative property of multiplication
denominator
dimension
divide
equation
equivalent fractions
estimate
expression
factor
fraction
improper fraction
mixed number
multiply
numerator
perimeter
product
quotient
rectangle
square
unit
whole number
Graphing, Geometry & Volume • Identifies and graphs points on a coordinate plane
• Classifies 2D figures
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
area
angle
area
base
centimeter (cm)
congruent
coordinate plane
coordinates
cube
cubic unit
dimension
edge
equation
equilateral triangle
expression
factor
foot (ft.)
fraction
hexagon
inch (in.)
irregular polygon
isosceles triangle
kite
mixed number
multiply
obtuse angle
obtuse triangle
parallel
parallelogram
pattern
pentagon
perimeter
polygon
product
quadrilateral
ratio
rectangle
rectangular prism
rhombus
right angle
right triangle
scalene triangle
square
trapezoid
vertex or corner
volume
whole number
x-axis
y-axis
Division & Decimals • Multiplies and divides decimals to hundredths
• Understand the place value system
• Writes and solves mathematical expressions and equations
• Solves story problems
• Writes about mathematical thinking clearly and accurately
array
decimal
dimension
divide
dividend
divisor
equation
estimate
exponent
expression
fraction
hundredth
mile (mi.)
multiple
multiply
operation
parentheses
pattern
product
quotient
ratio table
ratio
remainder
tenth
thousandth
unit fraction
whole number
Solar Design data
dimension
mean
rectangular
prism
reflection
scale
surface area
variable
volume